What are the amendments to the Constitution proposed by the President of Russia?
22 page — 22 the amendments to the Constitution. Document January 20, in the evening arrives in the office of the state Duma, the next day receives the approval of the relevant Committee on state construction.
“we expected a procedure of three readings. Between the first and second we will consider amendments. Further — the Federation Council, the legislative Assembly of the Federation. The main emphasis will be on the national ballot,” said Paul Krashennikov, Chairman of the Duma Committee on state construction and law.
And on January 23, passes first reading in the session hall. Unanimous approval: for the Russian Parliament — a rarity, can only mean extremely apt to hit the audience. The concept is formulated very lucidly.
“no plans to run and some time. Thoughtful, responsible participation of experts of the working group. And, of course, all members will participate. This is a serious issue of the country”, — said Vyacheslav Volodin, Chairman of the state Duma.
the Discussion in the session hall and in committees, and on the sidelines of the state Duma. Now good manners — to go to the meetings with the basic law in his hands.
Adopted more than a quarter century ago, the Russian Constitution the serious editing was exposed only twice, in 2008 extended the presidential term and the term of Deputy powers, in 2013, joined the Supreme arbitration court with the Supreme. The current amendment is the most extensive and fundamental.
the Salary cannot be less than minimum wage — this will now be stated in the Constitution. A pension will need to index each year.
“does this Mean that after the amendments to the Constitution of the pension will be indexed, and working retirees?” – asked Mikhail Tarasenko, Deputy Chairman of the Committee on labor, social policy and veterans ‘ Affairs.
“Not only increases legal protection, and we are talking about the stability of the social standard. So indexed,” replied Talia khabrieva, Director of the Institute of legislation and comparative law under the government of the Russian Federation.
Every paragraph is almost verbatim from the President’s address to the Federal Assembly, and all proposed changes are long overdue.
“We believe that some provisions of the amendments that were introduced by the President, to expand. In particular, if the President says about the need for indexation of pensions and benefits, we believe that there should be a constitutional provision that the indexation can not be less than the level of inflation”, — said Sergei Mironov, head of “Fair Russia”.
the Parliament expanded powers. The state Duma will be able to take a more active part in the appointment of the government. The Federation Council is to influence the leaders of the power unit — they will approve after consultation with senators.
“We have increased the powers of all higher authorities. First and foremost, we, of course, about myself I can say. For the first time the chamber has granted the right to form the government, assert it. And it is in the framework of the presidential regime — the maximum powers of the chamber. The role of political parties grows”, — said the leader of LDPR Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
the Council will receive a new status, which will be enshrined in the Constitution
In tsarist Russia such a body was created in the early 19th century, and the jubilee meeting of the state Council devoted the largest painting Repin — eight meters in length — and it is the whole of the ancient establishment. Now the modern equivalent of which the President only consulted increases.
“When the President shaped his first time, I said to him: you sit in the Council of your governors and your Ministers. In the morning you can release them. It’s not the state Council. This is a production meeting led by you. Even there are no faction leaders. Then he put the leaders”, — said the head of the CPRF Gennady Zyuganov.
Requirements for all high-ranking officials — Federal and regional — the absence of foreign citizenship or a residence permit. The presidency will be able to claim only a person who is not less than twenty-five years he lived in Russia and never had any foreign citizenship. Says specifically it does not apply to natives of the territories that joined the country recently.
“the Constitution is a directly applicable law, and all norms associated with citizenship, with minimum wages, with indexation of pensions — there will be norms of direct action that cannot be postpone, or to defer or cancel”, — assured Sergei Neverov, Deputy Chairman of the state Duma.
Decisions of all international courts now can not contradict the Russian Constitution, and this supremacy of domestic law over foreign many upsets in the West.
“That part of the external reaction, which generates so-called collective West, in front of acquiring features of a campaign are unfriendly to Russia, aggressive. The President definitely hit the target. The collective West is only interested in the Russia that is not sovereign”, — said Konstantin Kosachev, Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on international Affairs.
In the hall, the seat of the working group on amendment of the Constitution, fragments of paintings, and it’s “Lenin at the Second all-Russian Congress of Soviets”, he just began the Soviet state. And in modern Russia decided to honor the history of the country.
“it seems to Me perfectly fair, although the co-chair should not have to give, but I can not help myself: when talking about the falsification of history, then you need to turn the opposition to this fraud, the preservation of our historical memory to constitutional value. There is a lovely place — the preamble of the Russian Constitution,” said taliya khabrieva.
“It is very small, this preamble. For example, in the part that refers to “revering the memory of ancestors who have conveyed to us love and respect for Fatherland and faith in good and justice,” the need to slightly expand,” — said Svetlana Goryacheva, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council on regulations and organization of parliamentary activities.
But the proposal from the cultural City of Piotrovsky and Matsuev.
“to Amend the third Chapter, in the seventieth article of the Constitution after the national emblem and the capital of the third paragraph the phrase: “Culture of Russia is a unique heritage of the multinational people. It is supported and protected by the state”, — said Mikhail Piotrovsky, the General Director of the State Hermitage.
How is it supported yet to write.
“Sometimes words matter, sometimes the room is important, sometimes financial matters. But when the Constitution is written, that is the unique heritage of the multinational and is supported by, protected by the state, when it will be written as Putin says it’s in the Constitution, please run. It’s almost a crime to violate the Constitution,” said Alexander Kalyagin, Chairman of the Union of theatrical figures of the Russian Federation.
While the debate is open, the Constitution is the material from which together we can create a work of art.
“the Constitution is not the gospel. Changing society. And therefore the Constitution must, of course, to meet the real needs of a particular time”, — said Karen Shakhnazarov, the General Director of “Mosfilm”.
And everyone can be involved. A broad discussion on all levels. Representatives of the working group dispersed to the regions to obtain feedback from local residents. Such meetings now, all over the country. Presidential popthe amendments to the Constitution — the main topic for discussion not only among lawyers and historians.
to make comments from lawmakers, experts and the public has two weeks. The second reading in the state Duma is scheduled for February 11.
“the State Duma thank you very much. I hope that the second reading of the constructive proposals which will formulate the working group will find support of the majority of deputies”, — said Andrey Klishas, Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on constitutional legislation and state construction.
And sure to be a nationwide vote — the President wants to be sure that the population supports its initiatives. Organization of the process is discussing the working group and agreed that it should be the same as in the presidential election, under public supervision, that there was no doubt in transparency and legitimacy.
Text: “News of the week”