Magnitogorsk: small Ural town against the whole of Europe

every second Soviet tank of times of the great Patriotic war was armor made in Magnitogorsk. There in record time, was built the largest in Europe blast furnace. Magnitogorsk is one of 20 contenders for the honorary title of “City of labor merit”.

the Efforts of scientists, engineers, builders, miners, metallurgists, among whom were women and teenagers, Magnitogorsk went where never dreamed of the vaunted German industry, and with it the industries of the colonies and the conquered of the Old world.

because of the occupation early in the war tank armor in the Soviet Union there was no place, and while the plants were moved to the East, residents of Magnitogorsk in one month, has mastered the production of high-alloy steel. This, to them did no one in the world.

“as soon as possible was built two blast furnaces, smelting mastered the armor, so the required front,” – said the mayor of Magnitogorsk Sergey Berdnikov.

the Expression “world’s first” to Magnitogorsk applicable more than once. No wonder the famous monument “back front” in Magnitogorsk facing the Magnitogorsk metallurgical.

Two historical facts: the city for four years, mastered the production of more than 100 types of steel — armor and machine gun to the bearing and kusochno. Blast furnace No. 5 and No. 6 — by the way, the largest in Europe, and it was not built for three years, and year.

“There have been applied new methods in the Assembly of large dimensional nodes. If they had collected the parts, here they were assembled on earth and lifted up” — says the Director of the Magnitogorsk local history Museum, Alexander Ivanov.

Another fact: every second tank during the war was dressed in Magnitogorsk armor. Together with the blast furnace, the steel makers, distributors of his exploits have made, and miners, who gave the country more than 28 million tons of ore.

“Magnitogorsk works produced by the end of the war one third of cast iron, a quarter of steel, more floorsins iron ore, which went to the mills of the Kuznetsk and Magnitogorsk, Nizhny Tagil, and 100 percent of ferromagnet and ferrosilite,” continued Alexander Ivanov.

And we do not consider the issue of ammunition! Magnitogorsk began producing and high-explosive bombs and shells, and mines. Actually, then was born the modern Magnitogorsk is one of the largest world centers of ferrous metallurgy.

Bound to the metal in those years, he now invests in the development of the industry. Developing new forms and methods of production, not forgetting the investments in the environment.

American journalist and historian Max Werner in his book on war, wrote: “the Whole world is witnessing a dramatic struggle of the Magnitogorsk metal to metal all over Europe, mobilized by Hitler.”

the Proportion of the rhetoric in this statement certainly is, but the fact that WWII was largely a war of steel, and steel armor, and that Magnitogorsk in the war did the impossible — in the mines, at blast furnaces, the rolling mills is indisputable.