the Whole world is concerned about the proliferation of “Wuhan pneumonia” broke out in China. The causative agent is a new virus, dubbed 2019-nCoV.
the Concern of physicians all over the world tied for first place with the fact that while they have no effective drugs from a new pathogen and develop vaccines will have to wait at least a year and a half. In addition, rapidly spreading the virus so far collected are not so many data and nobody knows how it can continue to mutate.
From what we already know: 2019-nCoV belongs to the RNA coronavirus. All, along with a new member, the family includes 40 species.
the Source of coronavirus infection can be a sick person or infected animal. With regard to 2019-nCoV, he most likely jumped from the serpent (in China they often eat).
While researchers are studying a new pathogen and developing drugs, experts of the Centers for control and prevention of diseases of the USA has compiled a list of common preventive recommendations that will help to reduce the probability of infection with a new pathogen. They are simple, even obvious, but in this situation do not neglect any protective measures, experts believe.
Wash your hands
to get rid of pathogens, it is necessary to wash hands thoroughly with soap at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are unavailable, use hand sanitizer with an alcohol content not below 60%.
do Not touch face with unwashed hands
One of the reasons why it is so important to wash your hands (compared to other parts of the body), is that we constantly and unconsciously touch the face, particularly the eyes, nose and mouth.
Coronavirus is a respiratory infection that affects the respiratory tract. However, the pathogen settles not only in them but also on any mucous membranes. So if you often touch the face, no less than wash your hands often.
Regular dezinficiruyusche your phone
Smartphones and other electronic devices are teeming with pathogens. And these are the items that we most often come into contact — not only take up but also to hold the person.
to further protect yourself, is to periodically wipe the phones (and any other surface that you contact often) with a cloth soaked in disinfectant alcohol-based.
avoid sick people
first and foremost, physicians are advised to avoid close contact with strangers (e.g. in public transport), especially if they sneeze or cough. In addition, it should be possible as seldom as possible to visit places of a congestion of people. If such a need arises, you need to wear a medical mask.
If you do cough or sneeze, one should cover mouth with a tissue and immediately throw it away. Another “emergency” option: coughing and sneezing “in the elbow”.
Stay home when you are sick
This recommendation applies to any disease that is transmitted by airborne droplets, but is especially important in times of epidemics.
Most of the serious consequences of the disease affects people with weakened immune systems, the elderly, pregnant women and children. They are also more likely to die from various diseases that we get from “more secure” adults. It is worth to remember about it, going to work with an aching throat, a cough and a residual “leaking” nose.
Another obvious recommendation to physicians: when any suspicious symptoms should call or see a doctor.
Follow the rules of hygiene
very important regular cleaning, especially disinfection of door handles and the objects and surfaces that are touched by people coming home from the street.
do Not eat raw animal products
Should avoid eating raw or poorly processed foods of animal origin. It’s not only meat, but also, for example, eggs, milk, offal and cheeses made from unpasteurized milk.
Experts stress that people who are doing long-distance or international travel, you must be particularly careful to observe all these precautions. Because they affect the lives of thousands of others.
by the Way, earlier “Conduct.Science” talked about online map that everyone can follow the spread of a new coronavirus, and also about the symptoms of “Wuhan pneumonia.”