Author: Dmitry Kiselev
on 26 January India celebrates Republic Day. 70 years ago the country finally broke up with the status of a British dominion and became an independent Republic. Traditionally on this day in new Delhi is the colorful military parade with the participation of the Armed forces in the form of a festive, military equipment, aircraft and even cavalry on camels.
India can be proud of. The country is world champion in economic growth rates among the major Nations of the world. Faster China. And the population of India is rapidly catching up with him.
this reminder of the past British domination in India everywhere. Take the network of railroads built by the British for easy plunder Indian colony. Now it is the busiest railway in the world, with outdated and requires upgrading. Russia is involved.
Author: Dmitry Melnikov
the Parade along the Central Avenue of new Delhi, the procession opens the famous cavalry regiment of the Gwalior lancers. This annual large-scale parade in India honors the Constitution of the country — the largest in the world — the Indians are very proud of.
One of the main national holidays. 70 years ago on 26 January 1950, independent India proclaimed itself a Republic, ceasing to be a dominion within the British Commonwealth. On the same day your report and leads the Indian Constitution.
the fundamental law of India was originally written in two languages — Hindi and English. Before leaving, the British left behind not only the governance structure of the former colony of the once disparate kingdoms, but their language as a second state. The second unifying factor was the Indian railway network.
just after the opening of the great Indian Railways 1872, the protagonist of the novel by Jules Verne Phileas Fogg decided on a bet that will turn around the world in 80 days. Namely the British and the export of raw cotton from India to England, the country is obliged to appearance of the Booroginal network, which today has become one of the busiest transport of webs in the world.
by the early twentieth century, the network of Indian Railways is the fifth largest in the world. As steam locomotives began to be produced in India itself. The legacy of those years — several unique railway lines, which are carefully preserved and still carry passengers.
One of the three dozen world heritage sites UNESCO India — railway in the foothills of the Himalayas that connects the town of Kalka and Shimla. Under special protection of this route was not only because of the unique technical solutions, not only because of the preserved wagons nearly a century ago, but primarily because of the view of passengers during this five-hour journey.
the Long route is only 100 miles away, but the bole height of 2000 meters above sea level to exceed a speed of 30 kilometers per hour impossible. Today toy the cars pulled by the same diesel Museum locomotive.
Railway track is 75 inches. All in all, India has lines with four types of ruts, and it is a reverse mass construction of railway lines in the beginning of the last century.
“When the chief engineer of construction made a mistake when connecting tunnel and delayed the timing of the launch of the movement, the British government gave him a symbolic fine of 1 penny. However, he felt guilty. To avoid disgrace, took his own life in this very tunnel. Now the tunnel bears his name,” said Krishan Kumar, Director of the iron dorai in Shimla.
Today, Railways in India — the fourth-longest and the busiest in the world: 7 billion passengers and a billion and a half tons of cargo per year. Just walk into the ticket office and buy a ticket for the next train to the next town or state in India impossible. The most affordable and the most congested form of transport to purchase a cheap ticket in advance is necessary to get up in the List wait or to use the quota, if you are a soldier, government official, student or foreigner.
But India would not be itself if it did not exist near Arabica and progress, poverty and ostentatious wealth. For seven consecutive years in the ranking of the most luxurious trains of the world conquers the Palace on wheels “the Maharaja Express”. Luxurious rooms-compartments with all amenities, restaurants, Internet access and evening boiler program. The trip — depending on the level coupe will cost from 4 to 12 thousand dollars per seat.
Join the nation Railways of India managed not only in geographical but also in cultural dimension. Dramatic turns of the plot of dozens of bollywood films taking place against the background of the passing villages, fields and forests of India. And, of course, road song and favorite Indian dances — a must for any successful film.
Complete electrification of the railway lines is one of the main objectives set before the Indian authorities. Only 60% of roads in the country can be served by multi-current. And high speeds, when every minute on the road can get a cow or even elephant, machinists to develop prohibit.
One of the few highways in India connects the capital with the sacred to all Hindus 2 city of thousand temples — Varanasi. “Draft-18” / train “Hello, India!” speed white the pride of the country blesses the output in the first flight of Prime Minister Narendra modi.
the Indians are honest about this train “polyhronis”. Speed of 160 kilometers per hour. But compared to most Indian trains, whose average speed can not hang 30 kilometers per hour, this is a real rocket. Railway authorities in India say the beginning of a new transport era in the country.
compared To most compositions, where in the compartment the lower third — class passengers sit, stand and lie from each other on the headx, and the temperature in summer rises up to 50 degrees, this project is the possible future of railway communication in India.
the Increased security and digitization — the next step in the evolution rail. Help this India was proposed by Russia. In RJ is ready to implement systems train control and ticketing.
“No other transport in the foreseeable future will not be able to meet the growing passenger traffic of India. And we hope that Russia, like other countries, will be able to participate in the modernization of our Railways”, — said the Minister of Railways of India Pius the Goyal.
Now the Railways are already in India reconstruction and modernization of railway lines Nagpur — Secunderabad, speed of trains, which after completion will reach 200 kilometers per hour. Once joint projects such as the digitalization of transport, will allow to create a common space for transit flows from India to Russia and further to Europe via the most expeditious and economical route.
Text: “News of the week”