Author: Dmitry Kiselev
the member of the Seimas of Lithuania Arvydas Anushauskas offered to Poland together to commemorate the 410 anniversary of the capture of Moscow the Lithuanian-Polish forces. Its weird the initiative he published in Facebook, but then the post still removed. The joke failed. However, Anushauskas quite a trend of hatred for the USSR and Russia. But after Lithuania regained its territory, including the capital during Soviet times. This reason — silence.
In 1939, thanks to the red Army Lithuania receives from the Vilnius region, Vilna (now – Vilnius), formerly belonging to Poland. In 1940 Lithuania from Belarus leaves the Spa town of Druskininkai, with the surrounding territories. In 1941, the Soviet Union bought from Germany Vilkavisski district for $ 7.5 million and gave it back to Lithuania. Finally, 1945. Lithuania gets the port of Klaipeda and the Klaipeda region together with part of the Curonian spit. So Lithuania is just a sin to be offended and sneer at Russia as if it’s fashionable now, nor was some of its neighbors, for example, in Poland.
In Poland, January 17 — 75 years of the liberation of Warsaw from Nazi invaders. Holiday, not seen by the official authorities. But in Moscow on the occasion of the anniversary was rocked by a powerful and very beautiful fireworks.
on January 19 And 75 years of the liberation of the ancient handsome of Krakow, the second largest city of Poland.
Author: Ilya Kanavin
the Veteran says the names of those who won, though shares the joy, which does not hold back. And, after a moment, shows the precious awards. 18 Jan Krakow celebrated the 75th anniversary of its liberation from the Nazis. And not just liberation, salvation from total destruction. It was almost a miracle.
“the Germans were preparing a major offensive, there are very large warehouses were. Shells and the like, explosives. He put mine and we moved, and after some time the explosion occurred. The Germans arrived there in time to rearm. I don’t remember how many cars and people were, the explosion was so silny that not only the plant went up, but all of the buildings that were there, were all destroyed. So this is a very large effect, assistance to the Soviet Army”, — said Alexei Botya, Hero of Russia, a veteran of world war II.
Alexei Botya, now he is 102 years, the main event of his life finds salvation Krakow. That his group had mad daring operation, destroying the warehouse where the Germans kept most of the weapons with which they hoped to turn the city itself into a giant bomb. The locals called him Partisan Alyosha. And I want to say: Alexey, you here remember.
carefully, probably, does not exempt any one city. The front command refused to artillery and aviation in the city.
This is a tradition for 15 years. Since then, as the mayor was Jacek mayhrovsky. “If the story is mixed with politics, it does not harm and history, and politics. I am a historian and have always held the opinion that history should be judged on sources,” said Jacek.
In Krakow very clearly there is an idea that the authorities of Warsaw will go down in history as the first to abolish the feast of the liberation of the city. Maybe they do not know the history, but unknowingly sided with Stalin, as if it is the Day of Victory, too, was not a public holiday.
“the Red Army entered Warsaw and remained in Poland for the next 48 years. This meant decades of Communist oppression. Until she accepts her complicated history, Europe will be in danger,” said the Polish foreign Ministry. And the hashtag – “liberation without freedom.” We must understand that the foreign Ministry believe that they were once incorrectly freed. Maybe 600 thousand soldiers forever went to the Polish ground to occupy?
“If not the poles and the Russians, we’d be the German in the oven empty, like my father. Burned him alive,” said Tadeusz Terletsky, a veteran of world war II.
Warsaw 75 years after aboutosvobojdeniya. Power emphatically distanced himself, calling it “an initiative of individuals”.
“there Is an attempt amputation of historical memory. Rebuild the history. Official policy directed that a joint struggle, together shed blood of red Army soldiers and soldiers of the Polish army were forgotten. Such things does not make one civilized country. Don’t do those things any normal, civilized, educated people”, — said the analyst Maciej Wisniewski.
Lech Walesa — the Polish political heavyweight — clearly disappointed. “We are doomed to each other. The story of us differently placed. Had good moments and many bad. Let’s close it. Need to open a new section of Polish-Russian relations. All of Europe will shake when we’re together. And we can do it. Need to draw conclusions, to say that this was the era, these times, are bad, but they gave us a future. We’re not going to do it. We are now going to act wisely in the interests of Poland and Russia”, — said the ex-President of Poland.
He was the first of the Polish political elite, who condemned the decision made by the authorities not to invite the President of Russia on the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. It’s here, stoked the furnace people. And it ended with the Red Army.
“We had to strip down to nakedness. Walking naked around the barracks, and the German chose the boys for their pseudomedical experiments. Did some treatments, dripped in the eye. He had a mania. The Nazis wanted everybody to have blue eyes. Eyes festered tears flowed,” — says Bogdan Bartnikowski, a former prisoner of Auschwitz.
sir Bogdan came to Auschwitz at the age of 12. August 11, 1944. 10 days after the beginning of the Warsaw uprising.
Roads, railway stations, bridges remained in German hands. That is, were not taken no strategic object. From a military standpoint the revolt was a gamble before started. Here is the answer of the British chiefs of staff at prosby to support the uprising: “In our opinion, allied operations in Poland can be conducted only with full coordination with the Russian offensive.”
the London Exile government of Poland waved a hand. Orders – August 1 to speak. The commander of the uprising, General Tadeusz Bor-Komorowski. “In case of detection of concentration of large German forces in your territory, preparing to hold back the Soviet advance, you will have to wait out the fighting in hidden places. Work will begin at the time of the departure of the Germans. In any case you are to prevent the subordination of the parts groups, organized by Councils,” he wrote.
the rebels — one rifle for forty people and one machine in a hundred. They fight desperately to the death, leading the Germans into a frenzy. Nazis iron city with aircraft and artillery.
At the command of the home Army the idea was simple and hopeless — to take Warsaw before the red Army to seize political power and not to share the victory with anyone, even with support the rebellion Army Nation. The Soviet troops and the Polish Army that fought side-by-side relation, as enemies. It is intercepted by the manual exploration of the underground home Army. Among the 45 items are like this: “Sabotage — the uniform of berlingowcy or Soviet. Electric lights, bicycles, ID — the berlingowcy”.
But even under these conditions, the Red Army helped the rebellion. Dropped weapons, ammunition, food. The vast majority of Warsaw was waiting for the arrival of Soviet troops, but the strength is not enough. While dashing to Warsaw loss was at times up to 70% of the personnel.
German chronicle on 2 October 1944. General of the home Army Tadeusz Bor-Komorowski surrenders. German car takes him in the German camp for captured officers. Torn Warsaw is still more than two months of utter horror. A total of 17 thousand dead and the city almost destroyed in the scorched dust.
Ande the next day in the city surged people to save him. Opened shops trading than you have to. Ladies took to the streets in fashionable hairstyles. In spite of cruel fate. Survived. Warsaw hands shoveled the remaining after the Germans hell. Everywhere close — red. From the rubble, paving communication, fed, treated.
In the Old city to view an exhibition of photos of Warsaw after the liberation. And if you really do not know, you may think that the capital of Poland freed Eisenhower.
“it was important For us that when your soldiers prisoners came home from work, even then it was August, the good weather, the sun, the silence, they went in front of the hut, sat down and sang your songs of war. We came to hear. The SS also came. They did sing. Since that time I love your songs of war,” — said Bogdan Bartnikowski.
Now he wants one thing — to be in Moscow on may 9. He had not been in Russia.
Text: “News of the week”