the Fact that the physical exercises bring many benefits to the body, has long been known. Previously, scientists have found that physical activity helps reduce the risk of development of Alzheimer’s disease and to improve learning abilities.
Now, researchers from the University of South Australia have determined which exercise help to improve neuroplasticity of the brain.
Recall that under neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to change under the influence of experience and the ability to restore after damage or in response to external stimuli.
“We already knew that regular aerobic exercise good for the brain, they improve memory, attention and learning. But we was curious to find out what exercises are the best way affects the brain,” says co-author Dr. Ashley Smith (Ashleigh Smith).
Experts have conducted experiments in which 128 healthy participants, aged 18 to 65 years old performed different physical exercises: from low-intensity continuous exercises to high intensity interval exercise.
Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, scientists identified changes in the neuroplasticity of the brain of the subjects before and after exercise.
the Most significant changes professionals have noticed after 20 minutes of intense interval training or 25 minutes of continuous moderate aerobic exercise. These loads help to improve neuroplasticity, scientists conclude.
most Likely, these types of workouts help to normalize levels of the stress hormone cortisol. It is known that high levels of this hormone can negatively affect neuroplasticity.
Scientific article on the results of the study presented in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.