July 1, we are waiting for another important event — the collection of signatures in support of candidate cities for the title of the “City of labour valour”. Thus is immortalized the heroism during the great Patriotic war. Applicants only 20. “News of the week” have been told how selflessly helped the front Novokuznetsk, Tomsk and Nizhny Novgorod. On queue, Barnaul, Omsk and Chelyabinsk.
at the controls of the legendary T-34 — hereditary engineer Nikolai Efimov. The plant went because he remembers his father’s stories. Chelyabinsk boy, he began to work as a teenager, did hard work at the test site, and the mother did not complain when she met the son of the icy boots.
“we had hard — working 20 hours, experienced tanks in the field, sank sometimes under the ice failed, in the snow belt. I’m here on parade tank deduce the 17th time and the father remembered,” — says Efimov.
From the stand of labor glory, Chelyabinsk tractor watching us 14-year-old foremost. An incredible feat — frezerovshik Anna Pashmina, rising to two machines instead went to the front of his father and brother, in the first month exceeded the adult plan two times. Behind her, imitating the example, the plant got nearly 2000 girls and boys.
Chelyabinsk during the war is a strategic industrial center. Here evacuated more than 200 enterprises of the Leningrad, Kirov, Kharkiv diesel plants, Moscow plant “Compressor” and “Caliber”. The machines are upgraded on the fly to produce 1000% above normal. So hot was the desire to give a broad front. Every third shell fired at the enemy, was made from Magnitogorsk steel for every second tank was dressed in Magnitogorsk armor that Lily yesterday’s students.
Boris Dmitrievich Larkin came to Barnaul tank mechanic after the fourth grade, I wanted to escape to the front but stopped the mother saidLa then: “Son, your rifle is a machine”. Each issued its detail Boris Zhukov considers a Victory. Have lived to the present jubilee year — under 90.
the True story of the heroes of the great Patriotic memory alive, that shakes us in tears. And voice, and hands do not listen when the curator of the Museum shows one of the million shirts, stitched and woven Barnaul working women.
“This cloth was produced 135 million meters, put 50 divisions. The reserve was formed there. Collected and sent to the front 15 military units. All had to be put in place to feed and equip the army,” said Hope Lyamina, head of the historical Department of the Altai state Museum of local lore.
in Omsk, like many cities in the Urals during the great Patriotic war — a task of special difficulty: to give home equipment, ammunition, human reserves. Young and old, went to the factories, women replaced men who had gone to the front.
a True legend — the cadets of the Omsk Academy Frunze. Failing to obtain officer ranks, they joined the ranks of the red Army. Many returned. To the hospital. In Omsk the chief surgeon of the red Army, the legendary Nikolai Burdenko one of the first in the world uses intravenous antibiotics for wound infection. War equated living medicine to the factor of national security. Omsk, had no microbiological database helps scientists and doctors than it can.
the Soldiers, especially in hospitals, not enough milk. And then Omsk agrarian University named Stolypin developed the recipe briquetted powdered milk with sugar. It was the first in the world white chocolate. “Narkomovskih 100 grams” of Omsk beet were issued to soldiers on the front in particularly dangerous combat situation, helping to avoid frostbite, was used as an antiseptic.
July 1941 confronts our industry an impossible task in a matter of months to move on the issueSK military products. Factories evacuated to Siberia. But by November rail journey crammed trains. In the bitter cold on a sledge and iron sheets, heavy machine hauling children.
In the rear of the Siberia victory gives all his strength, and superhuman labour, creating weapons and ammunition for the front. The defense Fund of the country the only in Omsk region passed fantastic for those times the sum of 254 million 232 thousand roubles. And about two kilograms of gold, silver, platinum. These funds have built 4 steam locomotive, 7 trains, 5 divisional artillery workshops, 6 workshops for armored units and for two of the squadron.
“Omskaya Pravda” publishes the letter of the Ada girls Tanginoa: “I’m six. I Packed on the doll 122 rubles and 25 kopecks. And now he put them on the tank. Dear uncle editor! Write in the newspaper all the children that they, too, their money is given away on the tank. And call him “baby”. When our tank would break Hitler, we’re going home. My mother is a doctor and dad – tank”.
on this special tank “baby” your first dewaterability the fee for a poem published in “the Omsk truth”, and listed the future poet Robert Rozhdestvensky.
From Omsk went to the front eight armored columns. Boys and girls war. Few of them had a chance to go to school. In all the years in winter wore boots and rubber boots. Instead of socks — socks. In memory, no toys, no fancy dress. But what is more important — the ability to feed his family, to his work card more products for Junior. Between shifts was able to perform live in front of the wounded, to be on duty in hospitals.
memorials and monuments working in the rear of the no names, the millions of nameless, silently frozen in the General system, the blood, and then won a priceless victory. Those of whom the memory we are closest with their families And return the children to the hearts of the futuretheir generations still lived long enough gratitude for the fact that you can walk through the parks, not shuddering at the same time from a drone flying over the city of aircraft.
Text: “News of the week”