The mystery of the mummy Takebut: how killing a woman with an extra vertebra and an extra tooth

One of the most famous exhibits of the Museum of Ulster in Belfast — mummy Takauchi (Takabuti). It is known that the woman bearing that name, lived in Egypt about 2600 years ago, during the XXV dynasty.

Father Takebut served as a priest in the temple of Amun-RA, were part of the Karnak complex in Thebes.

Tackabury was a married woman, had a height of just over five feet and red hair.

She died at the age of 20 to 30 years. The body was mummified and buried near the temple of Hatshepsut.

In 1834, the Irishman Thomas Greg (Greg Thomas) bought a mummy Tikabali and taken to Belfast.

“In recent years, the mummy was x-ray, CT scan, hair analysis and radiocarbon Dating. Latest tests include DNA analysis and further interpretation of computer tomograms that provide us with new and much more detailed information,” said Greer Ramsey (Ramsey Greer) of the National museums Northern Ireland.

Research, in particular, showed that Tackabury had an extra vertebra. Such deviation is found in 2% of people. In addition, women had the 33rd tooth. It is still a rarity: an anomaly found only in 0.02 percent of the population.

meanwhile, DNA analysis has revealed a rare genetic trace that leads to the European or Caucasian origin, daughter of a priest. According to scientists, Tikabali had a greater genetic similarity with Europeans than with the Egyptians.

the mystery of the mummy takebut how killing a woman with an extra vertebra and an extra tooth 1Tackabury had a high social status and was the mistress of a large house in Thebes.Photo by University of Manchester/Ulster Museum.

But most experts were interested in what caused the death of the young woman.

Using the latest tools, scientists have found that Tackabury died from wounds inflicted by a knife in the upper back near the left shoulder.

“It must have caused a quick death, — said co-author research Dr. Robert of loyns (Robert Loynes) from the University of Manchester.

in addition, just now researchers have discovered an intact and well-preserved heart of a young woman.

This body was of great importance in the belief system of the ancient Egyptians. It was considered that in the court of Osiris heart (essentially a conscience) of the deceased removed and placed on the balance thicket, and in another bowl the goddess Maat had to put the feather of truth (an ostrich feather). If the heart was heavier, it meant that the deceased led an unrighteous life. Then his heart was given to be devoured by the monster ammut, and the sinner could have eternal life and bliss.

in addition, in the body cavity Tackabury was discovered the material that was used to close the stab wounds.

it is reported that in the process of mummification used soda salt (preservative), sweet-smelling impurities, resin, oil, and linen bandages.

the woman’s Hair was curled and carefully styled. Must be the hair was a very important part of personality Tikabali, she rejected typical for its time, shaving the head, the authors of the study.

it Remains a mystery who and why killed a young woman. For this the specialists have not yet put forward any versions.

by the Way, before “Conduct.Science” talked about “talking” mummies of the ancient Egyptian priest.

Text: To.Science